4th AsiaEngage Regional Conference 2018

Excursion

Community Engagement Tour on 28 November, 1.30 – 5.00 p.m.

Community Engagement Project Project leader/ Coordinator Location Excursion Cost
1 PODD: An Innovative One Health Surveillance System Preventing Pandemics with Animal Origins Assoc. Prof. Dr. Lertrak Srikitjakarn Maetha Administrative Organization TBA
2 Miang for a better life and cultural space Assist. Prof. Dr. Chartchai Khanongnuch Maekumpong Village TBA
3 Ancestral House and Belief System as Keys to Maintain and Sustain the Liveliness of Chiangmai Historic City Assoc. Prof. Dr. Woralun Boonyasurat Puaktam community and Musuem TBA
4 Social Enterprise Approach for Secondary City Urban Development Mr. Narong Tanauwat City of Chiang Mai TBA
5 Together … We Are Stronger: CMU and Umong Collaboation for Creating Citizens to Strengthen Local Community Management Assist. Prof. Dr. Rangsiya Narin Umong community, Lamphun TBA
6 Utilizing the Collaboration and Network to Increase the Quality of Life Among the Disadvantaged Ethnic Groups and Immigrants Who Suffer from Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate.: “Connect the different...to Make a Smile” Assist. Prof. Krit Khwanngern, MD. Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine TBA
7 Lessons Learned from Haze in Northern Thailand Assoc. Prof. Dr. Sermkiat Jomjunyong Chiang Mai University TBA

Community Engagement Project Details

1. PODD: An Innovative One Health Surveillance System Preventing Pandemics with Animal Origins

   Aiming for early disease detection and prompt outbreak control, digital technology with a participatory one health approach were used to create a novel disease surveillance system called Participatory One Health Disease Detection or PODD. PODD is a community-owned surveillance system, which provides data, automated outbreak identification and alert, which provide direct and immediate benefits to the community; empowering communities to protect themselves. The system has proven its effectiveness on rapid detection and control of disease outbreak, particularly on clinical suspected Avian Influenza infection in backyard chickens, which indicated success in pandemic prevention at animal source. The system was piloted in 74 local governments (LG) in Chiang Mai, Thailand. A total of 296 volunteered reporters have been engaged in the system. The volunteers and LG were key actors in the PODD system. Volunteers monitored animal diseases, human diseases and environmental problems in communities and reported the events via smart phone application. LGs took responsibility in outbreak control and supported the volunteer role in communities. Outcome mapping was used to evaluate the performance of PODD volunteers and LGs. LG performance was divided into three groups, A-good, B-fair and C-poor. Most of the LGs (45.94%) were categorized into Group B where LGs had met criteria and PODD designed outcomes. After 16 months of implementation, 1,029 abnormal events had been reported and confirmed to be true reports. The majority of abnormal reports were sick or dead animals (404 reports, 39.26%), followed by zoonosis and other human diseases (129 reports, 12.54%). Devastating animal disease outbreaks have been detected and successfully controlled. A total of 26 chicken high mortality outbreaks, 4 cattle disease outbreaks, 3 pig disease outbreaks, and 3 fish disease outbreaks were detected and controlled. Communities and animal authorities cooperated to apply community contingency plans to control those outbreaks. Volunteers in communities continued to monitor the abnormal events for 3 weeks after outbreak was controlled. By design PODD started to target animal disease that potentially be human pandemic and then expanded to cover human health and environmental health issues for better responding to community needs.

Keyword: human health, disease outbreak control, disease detection and prevention, animal and environmental health, health surveillance


2. Miang for a better life and cultural revival

   Miang is an ethnic fermented tea leaf (Camellia sinensis var. assamica) from northern Thailand. It has long history of socio-cultural relationship with northern Thai people. Unlike other types of tea, Miang is a unique product that is known as chewing tea or eating tea. In addition, it is also a specific food for traditional religious ceremonies and funerals. Although chewing of Miang has become less popular among younger generations, there remains a demand for Miang in specific areas of northern Thailand. Understanding traditional fermentation mechanism for Miang has not been well documented and the information is now being developed. The current understanding of Miang has been developed from literature on historic and socio-cultural relationships of Miang, current evidence scientific evidence and personal interviews with local Miang producers. From the plantation areas close to Miang production, physiological, chemical and microbiological analysis of Miang were undertaken and integrated with current scientific literature and community surveys to build an evolving body of new knowledge. This panel discussion provides important historic background of Miang and its ethno-botanical relationship with northern Thai people. Traditional production of Miang and its chemical and physical properties make Miang different to other fermented tea leaves. Therefore this unique Miang with ethnic roots in northern Thailand is a potential source of health relevant bioactive compounds that is rapidly gaining research interest and can be advanced for many beneficial food and health applications.

Keyword: Miang, fermented tea leaf, traditional religious ceremonies, northern Thai people, ethno- botanical relationship


3. Ancestral House and Belief System as Keys to Maintain and Sustain the Liveliness of Chiangmai Historic City

   This projects aims to re-identify value and role of ancestral house system or “Baan Khao” for heritage management of Chiangmai city in the contemporary context. By the depth of understanding gained from this paper on how ancestral house system have been functioning culturally and spiritually to maintain the spatial characteristic of the city together with its socioculture, we hope this study can be helpful for the establishment of heritage management planning and related legal tools for Chiangmai as the living historic city. Through the participatory mapping, surveying and interview, as well as conducting a dialogue with local people, as the working methods on fieldwork; the meaning of ancestral house has been re-discovered in today context on how the concept of ancestral house system in Lanna culture reflecting into life of people and city. The information and stories gained from the informants can be explicit witnesses how ancestral house plays important role as the cultural template to connecting people and places where they have been living for generations through annual rituals like Seub Cha Ta and Lieng Pee Poo Ya for instance. Based on the participatory mapping of land use, land tenure and comparative analysis of cultural continuity in each community, the existence of ancestral house can be the imperative tool for measuring the capacity of each local community in transmitting of cultural heritage to newer generations. This knowledge system of ancestral house and its function at today context can be the key aspects that need to be integrated into the heritage conservation and planning to prevent lose of uniqueness and its authenticity threatens by development pressure.

Keyword: Baan Khao, heritage management, authenticity


4. Social Enterprise Approach for Secondary City Urban Development

   The urban planning process in Thailand has been a centralized process without taking much consideration of the urban process. The accumulations of problem related to urbanization in cities in Thailand are more pronounced in secondary cities, where the central government did not take in much account of the individual characteristics of each city. With individual characters, each city has different key issues in its urban development perspective, especially how to reduce common urbanization problem such as rapid urbanization, urban sprawl, silver society and economic migration. Housing in urban areas would also have impact on other perspectives of the city such as traffic congestion, slum, and even crime committed in the city. Hence, effective and efficient housing would be able to solve some other their undesired prospects of the city. In contrary, to push the city into the path of smart growth, the urbanization phenomena will be the economic and innovative drive and growth of the city. Recently, there has been a rise of private sector in the cities, who would like to contribute to cities development via social enterprise. A social enterprise in each city has been set up to work with the government to develop urban development project, such as Khon Kean Social Enterprise has developed urban transportation system to serve its population, Phuket Social Enterprise is in a process of developing an urban transportation project as well. The social enterprises in each province have come together as a network to share their experiences and lesson learned in the process of urban development. The network is supported by academics and public authorities.

Keyword: urban planning, social enterprise, network


5. Together … We Are Stronger: CMU and Umong Collaboation for Creating Citizens to Strengthen Local Community Management

   Thai society faces many problems, including corruption, poverty, inequality, low educational quality, migration, sexual harassment, hunger, health problems, climate change, drought, disasters, and floods, with many communities ill-equipped to cope with these hardships. The Umong Sub-district in Muang District of Lamphun Province is one such community. This round table will discuss how Umong Sub-district could integrate local wisdom and academic knowledge, shared by Chiang Mai University scholars, to empower citizens to strengthen community management. To deal with such problems, the leaders and residents of Umong realized they needed ‘good citizens’ to collectively and effectively address these problems. Starting from 2007, they have worked to do so through local wisdom, and to this day have developed 28 community learning centers with 31 innovations. Having developed ‘good citizens’, they wanted to share their knowledge and innovations with other Tambons.
   They launched the Umong Mahawitchalai for Citizen Creation Project in late 2015 with support from the Thai Health Promotion Foundation. They established a communityuniversity whereby ‘scholars’ from 28 learning centers acted as ‘teachers’ to share knowledge, skills, and experience with the learners from 60 local administrative organizations throughout the country. However, many other challenges in Umong community could not be managed by local wisdom alone. Umong Mayor Kayan Wipromchai, executives of the Umong Mahawitchalai for Citizen Creation Project, executives and personnel of the Umong Sub-district Municipality, and 11 community leaders have been collaborating with Chiang Mai University lecturers and students to continue to create ‘good citizens’ and promote health in Umong by analyzing the community’s problems and research gap using a community research methodology based upon the Rapid Ethnographic Community Assessment Process (RECAP) and development of the Thailand Community Network Appraisal Program (TCNAP) through a new research program – Research to Support and Develop Citizens for Strengthening Local Community Development.
   This consists of 12 sub-projects: identifying characteristics of Umong active citizenship, increasing pre-school teachers’ capacity in child development, utilization of folk toys to increase physical skills of pre-school students, participatory empowering of local school students to be active citizens, promoting active citizenship among youth and empowering youth through bicycle-oriented activities, promoting elderly peoples’ health through pharmacy students’ activity, self-administration of local herbal remedies for relief of infections and chronic diseases, lessons of successful community welfare fund development, participatory developing public policies for solving smoking problems and health management. Twelve research teams have been applying R&D and community-based research as a research methodology. Researchers from Chiang Mai University and community researchers have been helping to identify the target groups as well as community researchers, reviewing the research topics and questions, and confirming the collected data before analysis. Progress has been continually reviewed. After 16 months of work, the 12 sub-projects have identified and developed community researchers who are now preparing to mentor 20 local administrative organizations through Umong network on a similar research agenda and projects. The research projects have fostered a collaborative learning environment that has confirmed the necessity of developing citizens to create sustainable development.

Keyword: Thai society, Umong community learning, health, citizenship, education


6. Utilizing the Collaboration and Network to Increase the Quality of Life Among the Disadvantaged Ethnic Groups and Immigrants Who Suffer from Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate.: “Connect the different...to Make a Smile”

   “Moving toward an inclusive society with equitable access to the fruits of prosperity and development” is one of the ultimate goals of Thailand’s 4.0 policy. This goal challenges such local higher institutes as Chiang Mai University which is located among diverse ethnic group communities in the northern part of Thailand, and immigrants from neighboring countries in upper ASEAN. This roundtable will focus on the quality of life of children from ethnic group communities and immigrant families who suffer from craniofacial conditions such as cleft lip and palate. The children born with cleft lip and cleft palate require special care from a team of different health professionals. The series of treatments is planned, managed, and monitored from infancy to young adulthood. Theoretically, the best outcome should be achieved when the treatment is done in the right time of growth and development. The ethnic group and immigrant patients often fail to accomplish the series of treatments as shown in the treatment protocol. That is because of financial problems, difficulty of 4-5 hours travelling from their remote communities, repeated surgical corrections, long-term treatment, too frequent doctor’s appointments etc. What can CMU scholars do to increase the quality of life of children with cleft lip and cleft palate and their parents? Thanks to the CMU team an initiative has been created for patients with cleft lip and cleft palate especially for the disadvantaged ethnic group communities and migrant laborers. The team consists of expertise from many professionals including a surgeon, dentist, ENT doctor, nurse, speech and language pathologist, social worker, and IT person. They address the same problems and use their expertise to find answers for each issue. The goal of the project is that every patient could achieve the necessary standard of treatment for patients with cleft lip and cleft palate.

Keyword: land, class, poverty, rural community, movement


7. Lessons Learned from Haze in Northern Thailand

   The spread of haze in the months of February-April has become an annual phenomenon in Northern Thailand. The high concentration levels of PM10 and PM2.5 has caused serious health impacts on people at risk of respiratory diseases, especially elderly people and young children. Haze is caused by smoke from forest fires and burning of agricultural waste to clear the land for new season planting of both subsistence crops and cash crops. In 2016 10.6 million Rai of land was burned, causing deterioration of air quality in the region. The estimate economic impact from the loss of tourists cancelling their holiday bookings and the treatment costs due to health impact amounted up to 1.7 billion US dollars in 2016. Haze is often caused by expansion of cash crops plantation in the high land, which also changes the livelihood of people who live in the highland from a subsistence economy to a cash based economy. To reduce the impact of haz, we need to understand the root causes of the problem, where haze came from, who will be impacted and how they will be impacted. The round table will involve a discussion about research under the project “Haze Free Thailand” on various aspects of haze. Where haze came from, and who causes haze? What are the impacts of haze on people and environment? The panel will also discuss the science of haze, how it is dispersed in the atmosphere. And lastly we will discuss ways to communicate the project of haze to the general public so they can understand the cause and effects, and how everyone could have a role in reducing haze.

Keyword: Northern Thailand, haze, environment, health